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JAMB Syllabus for Geography [2024 Latest Version]

JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024: Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Syllabus for Geography. This is the 2024 Updated and Official Syllabus.

In this page, Allschool will show you the JAMB Syllabus for Geography. We will also show you the list of recommended JAMB Syllabus for Geography.

You can as well download the PDF of this JAMB Syllabus for Geography (you can get the download link before the list of approved text books for Geography below).

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The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Geography is to prepare the candidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives, which are to:

  1. handle and interpret topographical maps, statistical data and diagrams and basic field survey;
  2.  demonstrate knowledge of man’s physical and human environment and how man lives and earns a living on earth surface with special reference to Nigeria and Africa;
  3. show understanding of the interrelationship between man and his environment;
  4. apply geographical concepts, skills and principles to solving problems.

PLEASE NOTE: After listing out recommended text-books below, you will see an option to view syllabus for other subjects.

Recommended Articles for JAMB Aspirants

JAMB Syllabus for Geography

This detailed JAMB Geography syllabus is presented below:

1. PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY

PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY is a broad topic. There are six (6) sub-topics under it. viz:

(a) ELEMENTARY SURVEYING

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Chain and prismatic.
(b) Open and close traverse.
(c) Procedure.
(d) Problems.
(e ) Advantages and disadvantages.

After reading ELEMENTARY SURVEYING, candidates should be able to:

i. analyse the principle and procedure of each technique. 
ii. compare the advantages of the two techniques.

(b) GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS)

Candidates should focus on:
(a) Components.
(b) Techniques.
(c) Data.
(d) Sources.
(e) Applications.

After reading GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM, candidates should be able to:

i. understand GIS and its uses.
ii. understand the computer system of data capturing and analysis.
iii. express locations through the use of latitudes,longitudes, zipcodes etc.
iv. understand land surveying, remote sensing, map digitizing, map scanning as sources of data.
v. explain areas of use: Defense, Agriculture, Rural Development etc.
vi. identify problems with GIS in Nigeria.

(c) INTERPRETATION OF STATISTICAL DATA, MAPS AND DIAGRAMS

Candidates should focus on Maps and diagrams.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. compute quantitative information from statistical data, diagrams and maps.
  2. interpret statistical data, diagrams and maps.

(d) MAP READING AND INTERPRETATION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Drawing of cross profiles.
(b) Recognition of intervisibility.
(c) Recognition and description of physical and human features and relationship as depicted on topographical maps.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. illustrate the relief of an area through profile drawing.
ii. interpret physical and human features from topographical maps.

(e) MAPS

After reading, candidates should be able to define and identify different types and uses of maps.

(f) SCALE AND MEASUREMENT DISTANCES.

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Areas reduction and enlargement.
(b) Directions.
(c) Bearings and gradients with reference to topographical maps.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. apply the different types of scale to distances and area measurement.
  2. apply the knowledge of scale to gradients map reduction and enlargement.

(2) PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY is a broad topic. There are twelve (12) sub-topics under it. Viz:

(a) SOILS

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Definition and properties.
(b) Factors and processes of formation.
(c) Soil profiles.
(d) Major tropical types, their characteristics, distribution and uses.
(e) Impact of human activities on soils.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. classify soils and their properties.
ii. isolate the factors of formation.
iii. differentiate between the different types of soil horizons and their characteristics.
iv. compare the major tropical soil types and uses of soils.
v. account for the distribution and uses of soils.
vi. assess the impact of human activities on soils.

(b) DENUDATION PROCESSES IN THE TROPICS

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Weathering.
(b) Erosion.
(c) Mass movement.
(d) Deposition.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the agents of denudation.
ii. associate landforms with each process and agent.

(c) ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. explain with examples environmental conservation.
ii. discuss the different methods of environmental conservation.
iii. explain the need/importance of environmental conservation.

(d) ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS

Candidates should focus on:

  1. Natural hazards (droughts, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, flooding).
  2. Man-induced (soil erosion, deforestation, pollution, flooding and desertification).
  3. Effects, prevention and control of hazards.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. identify the natural hazards and their causes.
  2. relate the human-induced hazards to their causes.
  3. locate the major areas where they are common and their effects.
  4. recommend possible methods of prevention and control.

(e) ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Land ecosystem.
(b) Environmental balance and human interaction.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the components of land ecosystem.
ii. establish the interrelationship within the ecosystem.
iii. interpret the concept of environmental balance.
iv. analyse the effects of human activities on land ecosystem.

(f) ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types of resources (atmospheric, land, soil, Vegetation and minerals).
(b) The concept of renewable and non-renewable resources.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. interpret the concept of environmental resources.
ii. relate environmental resources to their uses.
iii. differentiate between the concepts of renewable and non-renewable resources.

(g) THE EARTH AS A PLANET

Candidates should focus on:

(a) The earth in the solar system, rotation and revolution.
(b) The shape and size of the earth.
(c) Latitudes and distances, longitudes and time.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. identify the relative positions of the planets in the solar system.
ii. relate the effects of the rotation to the revolution of the earth.
iii. provide proof for the shape and size of the earth.
iv. differentiate between latitudes and longitudes.
v. relate lines of latitude to calculation of distance.
vi. relate lines of longitude to calculation of time.

(h) THE EARTH CRUST

Candidates should focus on:

(a) The structure of the earth (internal and external) relationships among the four spheres.
(b) Rocks: Types, characteristics, modes of formation and uses.
(c) Earth’s movement: Tectonic forces.
(d) Major Landforms: Mountains, Plateaux, Plains, Coastal landforms, karst topography and desert landforms.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. compare the internal and external components of the earth.
ii. understand the existing relationship among atmosphere, biosphere in terms of energy balance and water cycle.
iii. differentiate between major types of rocks and their characteristics.
iv. analyse the processes of formation and the resultant features.
v. indicate the uses of rocks.
vi. differentiate between tensional and compressional forces and the resultant landforms.
vii. identify and describe the major landforms.

(i) VEGETATION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Factors controlling growth of plants.
(b) The concept of vegetation e.g. plant communities and succession.
(c) Major types of vegetation, their characteristics and distribution.
(d) Impact of human activities on vegetation.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. trace the factors controlling the growth of plants.
ii. analyse the process of vegetation development.
iii. identify the types, their characteristics and distribution.
iv. assess the impact of human activities on vegetation.

(j) VOLCANISM AND EARTHQUAKES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Landforms associated with volcanic activities.
(b) Landforms of Igneous Rocks.
(c) Origin and types of Volcanoes.
(d) Some volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

Candidates should be able to:

i. explain the processes of volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
ii. describe the different landforms associated with both volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
iii. give examples of major volcanic eruptions and earthquakes in the world.

(k) WATER BODIES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Oceans and seas (world distribution, salinity and uses).
(b) Ocean currents – types, distribution, causes and effects.
(c) Lakes – types, distribution and uses.
(d) Rivers: Action of running water.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. locate oceans and seas on the globe.
ii. examine the characteristics and uses of oceans and seas.
iii. classify the types of ocean currents.
iv. account for the distribution of ocean currents.
v. evaluate the causes and effects of ocean currents.
vi. identify the types and location of lakes.
vii. indicate the characteristics and uses of lakes.
viii. identify the landforms of the different stages of a river course.

(l) WEATHER AND CLIMATE

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Concept of weather and climate.
(b) Elements of weather and climate.
(c) Factors controlling weather and climate (pressure, air mass, altitude, continentality and winds).
(d) Classification of climate (Greek and Koppen).
(e) Major climate types (Koppen), their characteristics and distribution.
(f) Measuring and recording weather parameters and instruments used.
(g) The basic science of climate change.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. differentiate between weather and climate.
  2. differentiate between the elements of weather and climate.
  3. isolate the factors controlling weather and climate.
  4. compare Koppen’s and Greek’s classifications.
  5. identify the major types of climate according to Koppen.
  6. relate the weather instruments to their uses.
  7. define climate change.
  8. understand the causes of climate change.
  9. understand the effects and remedies of climate change.

(3) HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

HUMAN GEOGRAPHY has three (3) sub-topics under it. They are:

(a) POPULATION

Candidates should focus on:

(a) World population with particular reference to the Amazon Basin, N.E.U.S.A., India, Japan and the West Coast of Southern Africa.
(b) Characteristics – birth and death rates, ages/sex structure.
(c) Factors and patterns of population distribution.
(d) Factors and problems of population growth.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. define different concepts of population.
ii. identify the characteristics of population (growth rates and structure).
iii. determine the factors and the patterns of population distribution.
iv. identify the factors and problems of population growth.
v. relate the types of migration to their causes and effects.
vi. account for the ways population constitute a resource.

(b) SELECTED ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types of economic activities: primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnary.
(b) Agriculture: types, system, factors and problems.
(c) Manufacturing industries, types, locational factors, distribution and socio-economic importance and problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.
(d) Transportation and Communication types, roles in economic development and communication in tropical Africa.
(e) World trade-factors and pattern of world trade, major commodities (origin, routes and destinations).
(f) Tourism: definition, importance, location, problems and solutions.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. identify the types of economic activities.
  2. differentiate between the types of economic activities.
  3. assess Agriculture as an economic activity.
  4. compare the types of manufacturing industries.
  5. identify the factors of industrial location.
  6. examine the socio-economic importance of manufacturing industries.
  7. give reasons for the problems of industrialization in tropical Africa.
  8. differentiate between the types and means of transportation and communication.
  9. assess the economic importance of transport.
  10. give reasons for the problems of transportation in tropical Africa.
  11. relate the factors to the pattern of world trade.
  12. classify the major commodities of trade in terms of their origins, routes and destination.
  13. analyse tourism as an economic activity.

(c) SETTLEMENT WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO WESTERN EUROPE, THE USA, MIDDLE EAST AND WEST AFRICA

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Types and patterns: rural and urban, dispersed, nucleated and linear.
(b) Rural settlement: classification, factors of growth and functions.
(c) Urban settlement – classification, factors of growth and functions.
(d) Problems of urban centres.
(e) Interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. differentiate between types of settlements; (rural and urban).
  2. classify the patterns and functions of rural settlements.
  3. classify the patterns and functions of urban settlements.
  4. identify the problems of urban centres.
  5. establish the interrelationship between rural and urban settlements.

(4) REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY

REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY has also just three (3) sub-topics under it. They are:

(a) BROAD OUTLINE OF NIGERIA

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Location, position, size, political division (states) and peoples.
(b) Physical settling: geology, relief, landform, climate and drainage, vegetation and soils.
(c) Population: size, distribution, migration, (types, problems and effects).
(d) Natural Resources: types (minerals, soils, Water, vegetation etc) distribution, uses and conservation.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

i. describe the location, size and political divisions of Nigeria.
ii. identify the ethnic groups and their distributions.
iii. relate the components of physical settings to their effects on human activities.
iv. account for the pattern of population distribution.
v. examine the types of migration, their problems and effects.
vi. identify the types of natural resources and their distribution.
vii. indicate their uses and conservation.

(b) ECONOMIC AND HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

Candidates should focus on:

(a) Agricultural Systems: the major crops produced, problems of agricultural development in Nigeria.
(b) Manufacturing Industries: factors of location, types of products, marketing and problems associated with manufacturing.
(c) Transportation and Communication: modes of transportation and communication and their relative advantages and disadvantages.
(d) Trade: Regional and International Trade, advantages and disadvantages.
(e) Tourism: types, importance, problems and solutions.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. compare the farming systems practiced in Nigeria.
  2. identify the crops produced and the problems encountered.
  3. identify the types and location of the major manufacturing industries.
  4. determine the factors of industrial location and the problems associated with the industries.
  5. establish the relationship between transport and communication.
  6. relate the modes of transportation and communication to their relative advantages and disadvantages.
  7. classify the major commodities of regional and international trade.
  8. identify reasons for tourism and tourist centres.
  9. account for the problems and solutions.

(c) ECOWAS

Under this sub-topic, candidates should focus on:

(a) Meaning and objectives.
(b) Member states.
(c) Advantages and benefits.
(d) Disadvantages, problems and solutions.

After reading, candidates should be able to:

  1. state the meaning, purpose and objectives.
  2. identify and locate the member countries.
  3.  evaluate the prospects and problems of the organization.

JAMB Syllabus for Geography PDF Download

Click the “download” button below to download the JAMB Syllabus for Geography 2024 PDF.

JAMB APPROVED BOOKS FOR GEOGRAPHY

  1. Certificate Physical and Human Geography for Senior Secondary School (West African Edition) BY Adeleke, B.O. Areola .O. 2002 and Leong, G.C.
  2. Contemporary World Regional Geography BY Bradshaw, M. et al (2004).
  3. General Geography in Diagrams for West Africa BY Bunet, R.B and Okunrotifa, P.O.(1999).
  4. New Secondary Atlas BY Collins.
  5. Introduction to Geography (Seventh Edition) BY Fellman, D. et al (2005).
  6. Introduction to Geography (Ninth Edition) BY Getis, A. et al (2004).
  7. A New Geography of West Africa BY Iloeje, N. P(1999).
  8. A New Geography of Nigeria (New Education) BY Iloeje, N.P(1982).
  9. Map Reading of West Africa BY Nimako, D.A. (2000).
  10. A Regional Geography of Africa (New Edition) BY Okunrotifa, P.O. and Michael S. (2000).
  11. Geographical Regions of Nigeria BY Udo, R.K (1970).
  12. Geography an Integrated Approach (Second Edition) BY Waugh, D. (1995)
  13. Wisdomline Pass at Once JAMB.
  14. A Comprehensive Text on Physical, Human and Regional Geography BY Adegoke M.A (2013).

JAMB Syllabus for All Subjects

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Source: JAMB IBASS.

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